#1. “I have learned a great deal from Marxism” … “as I do not hesitate to admit”
Hitler may have publicly denounced Marxism, because of his war against the hated Soviet Union, but privately he always admitted that he was at heart a left-winger. He once said to Otto Wagener that the problem with the politicians of the Weimar Republic was that they “had never even read Marx.” He believed that the problem of German Communists was that they didn’t understand the difference between principles and tactics. He referred to them as mere pamphleteers, whereas “I have put into practice what these peddlers and pen pushers have timidly begun.” He stated plainly that “the whole of National Socialism” was based on Marx.
#2. [My task is to] “convert the German volk (people) to socialism without simply killing off the old individualists”
Hitler wanted to use the old classical liberal class, the entrepreneurs and the individualist’s resources to build socialism in Germany. Socialism is defined technically as public ownership of the means of production, and instead of doing what Stalin did and purge the capitalists, he committed himself instead to simply confiscating their capital. The economy could easily be controlled simply by dispossessing the capitalist class of their means of production, and guiding their productive capacity through the hands of the state.
#3. “If we are socialists, then we must definitely be anti-semites – and the opposite, in that case, is Materialism and Mammonism, which we seek to oppose.” “How, as a socialist, can you not be an anti-semite?”
In a speech in Munich in August 1920, Hitler addressed the National Socialist party on the issues of race and politics. It was widely known that socialists of the time were tied to eugenic policies, as they have throughout history. Indeed, everyone who supported genocide at that time also called themselves socialists.
#4. We must “find and travel the road from individualism to socialism without revolution”.
Speaking to his associate, Hitler argued that the problem with Russian Communism was that they had chosen their path as a revolutionary one. If individualism was to be destroyed, revolution was the most painful and difficult way to destroy the capitalists. Marx and Lenin had the right goals in his mind, but simply chose the wrong tactics.
#5. “Why need we trouble to socialize banks and factories? We socialize human beings.”
Hitler’s idea of national unity was to take socialism directly to the people. He wanted socialism to not just be about nationalizing industry, but nationalizing the people themselves. The people are the servants of the state, and socialism was the solution all of society’s ills.
#6. “We are socialists, we are enemies of today’s capitalistic economic system for the exploitation of the economically weak, with its unfair salaries, with its unseemly evaluation of a human being according to wealth and property instead of responsibility and performance, and we are all determined to destroy this system under all conditions” 1927
Does it really get any more clear than this? Hitler stated plainly that he was an enemy of capitalism.
#7. “What Marxism, Leninism and Stalinism failed to accomplish we shall be in a position to achieve.”
Hitler was merely an unorthodox socialist. Again, he believed that the problems of his predecessors were simply tactical, not philosophical.
#8. The Nazi Party Platform
Now these aren’t quotes, per se, they are simply planks from the National Socialist Party’s platform. Still, Hitler did endorse them, and they relevant because they show the intent of Hitler’s wealth redistribution schemes, as well as his desire for socialism.
11. That all unearned income, and all income that does not arise from work, be abolished.
12. Since every war imposes on the people fearful sacrifices in blood and treasure, all personal profit arising from the war must be regarded as treason to the people. We therefore demand the total confiscation of all war profits.
13. We demand the nationalization of all trusts.
14. We demand profit-sharing in large industries.
15. We demand a generous increase in old-age pensions.
25. In order to carry out this program we demand: the creation of a strong central authority in the State, the unconditional authority by the political central parliament of the whole State and all its organizations.
The formation of professional committees and of committees representing the several estates of the realm, to ensure that the laws promulgated by the central authority shall be carried out by the federal states.
The leaders of the party undertake to promote the execution of the foregoing points at all costs, if necessary at the sacrifice of their own lives.1 comment