It is generally believed that media organizations are exempt from the reporting requirements of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (“LDA”) since their purpose is to gather and disseminate news and information to the public.
This may have been a correct conclusion in 1995 when these organizations functioned as quality news organizations, operating under strict ethical standards of truthfulness, accuracy, independence, balance, fairness and accountability.
Today however, the hosts of “news and opinion” shows bounce from fact, to opinion with some verifiable facts, to non-verifiable opinions, to outright propaganda.
Verifying this conclusion can be done in several ways:
Spend an hour switching between television or radio shows that promote left-wing, Democratic, progressive policies, and shows promoting conservative, right-wing policies.
Read “AllSides” on how to spot the eleven types of media bias, e.g. spin, unsubs.tantiated claims, sensationalism, etc. It also gives examples of each type of bias and the words reflecting it, e.g. dodged, mocked, dangerous, chaotic.
Look at the studies on media bias, e.g. ABC, CBS & NBC newscasts have 96% negative spin on President Trump. Or review PolitiFact’s Fox’s files finding statements on Fox to be True, 10%; Mostly True, 11%; Half True, 19%; Mostly False, 21%; False, 21% or Pants on Fire, 10%.
Or just listen to the biased terms describing candidates. One “reporter” described the presidential candidates as one “normal” and one “abnormal.”
Examples of “shading the facts” could go for hundreds of pages. A press scholar notes that Fox, MSNBC and CNN “are building their networks on outrage.” He concludes “…it’s increasingly rare to find independent voices providing news in a dispassionate way. It just doesn’t fit into the business model…”
Present day media cares little about democracy. They will do “…whatever is necessary to make the electorate vote the way [they] want them to. They’re just the masses – a means to an end.” It is no longer possible for the average person listening to “news” to determine what is true. The only common denominator is that media uses the talking points of their favored political party.
It goes beyond talking points. One author writes that a Fox host and the President work together by Trump actively tweeting out the host’s comments to provide additional support for the government policies. As to the Democrats, “The DNC colluded with CNN in devising questions…to be asked of Mr. Trump in an upcoming… television interview.
So how is this biased language lobbying?
Unless exempt, federal law designates a person having two contacts with government officials and spending twenty percent of their time (including research and background needed) advocating for or against federal legislation, regulations, executive orders or nominees, to be lobbying. These media personalities, including staff, likely meet the twenty percent threshold through regular communications with government officials, to coordinate their message in support of the policies being advocated by their government allies.
The LDA exemption for “media organizations” is for gathering and disseminating news and information to the public. This is where the meaning of words matters.
“News” is a report of recent events or previously unknown information.
“Information” is the communication of knowledge or intelligence obtained from an investigation or study.
Professional journalists follow the Society of Professional Journalists’ Code of Ethics. The code has four principles: Seek Truth and Report it, Minimize Harm, Act Independently, and be Accountable and Transparent.
Media personalities are sensational, emotional, big on conclusions but extremely short on transparency, accountability and verification. Properly characterized, these personalities produce “Advocacy Journalism,” a genre of journalism that “intentionally and transparently adopts a non-objective viewpoint, usually for some social or political purpose.
The “media organizations” that are clearly exempt from the LDA are those that follow the classic tenants of journalism, i.e. straightforward presentation of accurate facts, minimal interpretation, and avoidance of overt bias. Both sides of the story are fairly represented.
By not following the journalist code of ethics, this advocacy journalism is not gathering or disseminating news or information for the public which is required for the LDA exemption to apply. Rather they are advocating, with their government supporters, for a specific action to be taken by government.
Requiring these advocacy journalists to register as lobbyists does not restrict their free speech; it merely requires that they inform the public of the policies they are advocating. Democracy demands an educated electorate, not a manipulated electorate.
Getting the truth is very difficult since those in power have a propensity to manipulate us for their purposes. Democracy cannot withstand citizens being fed propaganda, mistruths, half-truths and downright lies. Maybe it is time the media discloses the policies they are lobbying for, so we know how they are trying to manipulate us.
It’s a modest proposal, but it is a start!